Our Materials

Long before the first measurement is recorded, even before the choice of fabric is discussed, John Cutler insists on the gentle ritual of personal consultation. His task is not only to serve, but also to guide and advise in order to fully understand the commission.

What purpose will the garment serve? Is it to be worn by a man on the move all day – walking, sitting, crouching, stretching. Then perhaps something in a hardwearing Tweed or Cavalry Twill might be best. If it is for more formal purposes, perhaps for a banker, a barrister or a doctor, then the choice is more likely to be a cloth of a finer texture, maybe a pure wool worsted with a very low micron count.

J. H. Cutler offers an enormous international range of fabrics, primarily sourced from British and Italian suppliers. From the world’s oldest and most respected woollen houses comes cloth in an infinite variety of colours, patterns and textures. From luxury vicuna, cashmere, silks, cottons and linens to super-fine ultra lightweight Australian pure Merino wool in flannels, worsteds, twills, tweeds and cords.

Sleeve and body linings can also be customised to your requirements in Bemberg twill, satin or silk, and range from the subtle to the slightly less than subtle depending on individual taste.

Also a range of medium weight Australian wool worsted fabrics designed and woven in Biella, Italy exclusively for J. H. Cutler is now available. The fabrics handle beautifully and come in a choice of six classic designs: plain navy, navy herringbone and navy stripe, and plain charcoal, charcoal herringbone and charcoal stripe.

Amongst the choice of linings are a range of brightly coloured pure silk linings for jackets and coats featuring the J. H. Cutler logo. Woven in Milan these linings come in a range of nine colours including hot pink, yellow, orange, avocado and purple.

Cloth Types


Vicuna is reputed to be the world’s most luxurious natural fibre. With each strand less than half the diameter of the finest sheep’s wool Vicuna is prized for it’s incredible quality and comfort.

The vicuna is a member of the camelid family and is closely related to the llama. A native of the South American Andes it lives at altitudes of 12,000 to 18,000 feet where conditions are extreme. Each animal yields only an average of one-quarter pound of hair each season.

In the late 1970s its outstanding qualities, which had been highly prized since the days of the Incas, saw the Vicuna almost hunted to extinction. As a result export of the fleece was banned for many years.

However a remarkable conservation effort in Peru, Chile and Argentina has led to a resurgence of the native Vicuna population and export activity has resumed.

Resources are now carefully managed to ensure continued growth in numbers in the coming years.

A lot more information on vicuna can be found by visiting our other website at www.vicunabespoke.com


Cashmere is extremely fine with an ultra soft touch. Its use as a luxury fibre can be traced back as far as Roman times, and we know that by the 15th century more than 50,000 people were employed in India in the processing of cashmere.

The name comes from Kashmir, the wild and mountainous region on the Indian sub continent. Cashmere consists of the fine under hair of the Asiatic Falconeri goat that lives and breeds in China, Mongolia, Afghanistan and Iran. Each goat is combed by hand in the spring when they are shedding the fine under hair that protected them during the bitterly cold winter at altitudes exceeding 5,000 meters.

Late in the 19th century a Scottish manufacturer, Joseph Dawson developed the first mechanical method of separating the fine down fibres from the goat’s courser outer hairs and much of the manufacture shifted to Scotland, but in recent years the majority of processing has again moved, this time to China.


Australia is the world’s largest producer of wool accounting for approximately 30% of global production. There are many types of wool but all have a number of features that make it particularly suitable for clothing:

  • 100% natural
  • Comfortable to wear in any climate because it breathes
  • Good to tailor and keeps its shape
  • Natural crimp-like spring gives clothes beautiful drape and incredible crease resistance
  • Durable and robust, it will last for years as the interlocking protein molecules in wool fibres have the power to elongate, stretch and recover
  • Natural elasticity means garments yield to body movement
  • Comes in a wide variety of textures, weaves and weights
  • Easy to dye as the dye becomes part of the wool fibre
  • Stays cleaner longer because it resists stains

Merino Wool

Pure Merino wool is naturally fine, silky and super soft. It is the finest grade of commercial wool available, with fibres ranging in diameter from the equivalent of top quality cotton to that of silk, and is technically more complex than synthetics. Merino is extremely comfortable to wear when used in woven fabrics, which are available in a variety of weights.

Each Merino fleece consists of up to 100 million fibres. If you were to join the fibres of five Merinos together you could tie a bow around the world.

Merino sheep have a history going back over twelve hundred years and were first introduced into Australia in 1797 when two British officers brought a flock of Spanish Merino sheep to Sydney via the Cape Colony. However it was not until the 1820s when 5,000 Merino sheep were imported from Saxony, France and England that the foundations of the modern Australian wool industry were laid. Since then Merino wool has become one of Australia’s greatest trading successes.


The origin of the word tweed is a corruption of the Scottish term tweel. It applies to a wide variety of rough twilled woollen weaves and cloths used for suits, jackets and over-coats.

Woven from butting yarns containing short fibres arranged at random so the fabric is relatively thick with a fuzzy surface, it ranges from all kinds of cheviot fabrics to fine Saxony textures, which are finished with either a dress face or a clear finish.


A woven, woollen fabric, most often used in suits and trousers. There are both woollen and worsted flannels, the use of which are dependent on the outcome required.


Fabrics are often spun using the worsted process. Worsted is a smooth compact woollen, spun from the longer fibres, more than 65mm in staple length, of the fleece. It has a firm, smooth finish, is strong, cool and hardwearing and can be lightweight. Primarily used for suits, jackets and trousers.

New Truly Bespoke Fabrics 

In an exciting development that takes bespoke tailoring to a new level J. H. Cutler is now offering clients truly bespoke fabrics, designed by and for the individual.
The process allows you to personally design your own fabric to feature any colour or combination of colours, any pattern and a wide variety of weights for use in the making of your next bespoke suit or jacket. Business principal John Cutler’s more than 47 years experience in bespoke clothing is available to help guide you through the design process.

John then arranges for the fabric to be produced on a wooden 100-year-old sample loom at William Halstead, a Bradford mill in West Yorkshire, England, that has been producing woollen fabrics since 1875. It’s the old style wooden loom that allows us to order the relatively small quantity required for an individual suit. Each suit length is limited edition and comes numbered with a certificate of authenticity and a special woven label inside the presentation gift box.

Clients have become increasingly interested in where and how their garments are made. This new service allows them to get much more involved in the process and gives new meaning to the idea of personal style. It could be termed bespoke from the beginning. Bespoke fabrics such as this have featured in Hollywood blockbusters and celebrity fashion shoots and on the fashion catwalks of Europe.

If you would like more details on this exciting development you can call John Cutler on 02 9232 7122 or email him at contact@jhcutler.com